Causes And Effects Of Oil Spills Pdf


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25.04.2021 at 07:40
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causes and effects of oil spills pdf

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Petroleum contamination is a growing environmental concern that harms both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. However, the public and regulatory and scientific communities have given more attention to the contamination of marine habitats. This is because marine oil spills can have a serious economic impact on coastal activities, as well as on those who exploit the resources of the sea. Thus, communities that are at risk of oil disasters must anticipate the consequences and prepare for them. Environmental pollution caused by petroleum is of great concern.

Oil Spills

Following an oil spill, there are specialists and veterinarians to deal with oiled wildlife. These experts are trained on how to clean oil from animals, rehabilitate them, and return them to the environment. Oil destroys the insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals, such as sea otters, and the water repellency of a bird's feathers, thus exposing these creatures to the harsh elements. Without the ability to repel water and insulate from the cold water, birds and mammals will die from hypothermia. Juvenile sea turtles can also become trapped in oil and mistake it for food.

The effect of oil spills on land and water

Jump to navigation. Oil spills into rivers, bays, and the ocean most often are caused by accidents involving tankers, barges, pipelines, refineries, drilling rigs, and storage facilities. Oil floats on saltwater the ocean and usually floats on freshwater rivers and lakes. Very heavy oil can sometimes sink in freshwater, but this happens very rarely. Oil usually spreads out rapidly across the water surface to form a thin layer that we call an oil slick. As the oil continues spreading, the layer becomes thinner and thinner, finally becoming a very thin layer called a sheen, which often looks like a rainbow. You may have seen sheens on roads or parking lots after a rain.

An oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially the marine ecosystem, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution. The term is usually given to marine oil spills, where oil is released into the ocean or coastal waters , but spills may also occur on land. Oil spills may be due to releases of crude oil from tankers , offshore platforms , drilling rigs and wells , as well as spills of refined petroleum products such as gasoline , diesel and their by-products, heavier fuels used by large ships such as bunker fuel , or the spill of any oily refuse or waste oil. Oil spills penetrate into the structure of the plumage of birds and the fur of mammals, reducing its insulating ability, and making them more vulnerable to temperature fluctuations and much less buoyant in the water. Cleanup and recovery from an oil spill is difficult and depends upon many factors, including the type of oil spilled, the temperature of the water affecting evaporation and biodegradation , and the types of shorelines and beaches involved.

Oil spills have a number of effects on the environment and economy. On a basic level, oil spill effects will damage waterways, marine life and plants and animals on the land. The impact of oil spills can also ruin the infrastructure and economy of a particular area with the long-term effects being felt for decades. Cleaning an oil spill is very expensive and the costs get spread to government agencies, non-profits and the oil transport company itself. Every time an oil spill occurs, the public looses faith in the oil companies' ability to control this dangerous but needed product.


Oil spills have many adverse effects on the environment. However, efforts for spill containment and recovery are considered to be only moderately effective. Most.


Oil Spill Pollution Causes

Natural causes - such as oil that seeps from the bottom of oceans which enters the marine environment. Crude oil is formed during long periods of time through natural processes involving organic matter from dead organisms. Thus, oil exists in many environments and may be naturally spilled due to various factors including climatic conditions, disturbance, etc.

Impact of Oil Spills on Marine Life

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5 Comments

StГ©phanie A.
25.04.2021 at 10:24 - Reply

that cause spilled oil to break down and become heavier than water. Wave action may result in natural dispersion,. The Behavior and Effects. Of Oil Spills In.

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26.04.2021 at 21:45 - Reply

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01.05.2021 at 11:40 - Reply

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Cora A.
04.05.2021 at 07:33 - Reply

Oil spill , leakage of petroleum onto the surface of a large body of water.

Lizeth N.
04.05.2021 at 21:07 - Reply

The Prevention of Oil Pollution pp Cite as.

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