Rural Development Policy And Strategy Of Ethiopia PdfBy Gracia C. In and pdf 26.04.2021 at 09:16 3 min read
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In particular, the authors emphasize the importance of continued investments to increase agricultural productivity, market efficiency, and infrastructure roads, small-scale irrigation, and electricity generation to support both agriculture and the rural and small-town nonfarm economy. Without these investments substantial poverty increases and growing inequality are likely to result, even if there is rapid overall economic growth. Skip to main content.
- Toward a medium-term agricultural and rural development strategy
- Agricultural policies, agricultural production and rural households’ welfare in Ethiopia
- Rural Development Policy and Strategies.
Toward a medium-term agricultural and rural development strategy
The present Rural Development Policy and Strategies underscores one basic objective with regard to economic development, i. Given the dominance of agriculture in the Ethiopian economy, i. It is the development of the agricultural sector that will provide the basis for rural development. A fundamental aspect of the proper use of land is to guarantee the availability of land to people who seek to make a living out of farming. Furthermore, a sustainable use shall be taken into consideration and special care shall be taken not to deplete the natural resource base; 3 Education of labour force because the the present agricultural labour force is largely illiterate and uses traditional technology handed down to it from past generations; 4 Taking different agro-ecological zone into account.
Ethiopia is characterized by the existence of many agro-ecological zones, which differ in terms of rainfall, soil types, altitude and the like.
It is not difficult to see that the agricultural activities carried out in the different agro-ecological zones are greatly varied; 5 An integrated development path.
Every development effort requires coordinated and integrated management of different tasks. Likewise, support to agricultural development in Ethiopia requires the coordinated management of very many activities. Utilizing land in a manner that is sustainable and at the same time accelerates agricultural development. This Chapter makes provisions for: 1. Land Ownership which is anchored in the Constitution reflecting the special role of land playing in the economic and social life of Ethiopian society.
Considerable debate has arisen on whether land ownership should be private or government owned; 2 Land Use Policy; 3 Water Resources Utilization, a key resource of agriculture. Moreover, not only is it important that water be available but also that it is available in the right quantities and at the right time. If water is made available all year round, it is possible to more productively engage the agricultural labour force and, as such, should be considered an important policy target.
Diversity in agro-ecological zones as well as other reasons discussed elsewhere requires that this should be a basic consideration of the present strategy. It is underlined that shortage of finance is particularly acute among the millions of farmers. They need to buy improved agricultural inputs and implements to increase their income and break the perpetuity of the poverty cycle they are entangled with. But they cannot do this because they lack finance. The credible solution for this seems to improve vastly farmers' access to rural financial services, notably credit.
But, this cannot mask in anyway the immense potential the private capital has yet to realize in the development of agriculture in Ethiopia. In particular, the availability of social and economic infrastructures is essential both for agricultural and rural development. It is not possible to attain rapid and sustainable agricultural or overall rural development where there is a lack of services in the fields of: education, training, health, rural road and transport. Expanding and strengthening these services in the rural economy means developing non-agricultural sectors and increasing the member of people employed there in, which in itself is another factor for assisting development.
Agricultural development cannot occur without a visible change in these services. Farmers employ themselves in agricultural or other activities to improve their livelihoods. They want to increase their income to improve the quality of life. Chapter 1 on Democratic Participation and Rural Development makes provisions for: 1 The Necessity and Indispensability of Popular Participation in Development: Public participation is highly desirable and beneficial to development.
It is the right of the people to discuss development issues and decide on all matters that concern them. Participation is not sought for its own sake.
Rather it is because rural development is virtually inconceivable without; 2 Proper Use of Public Participation Forums. As regards rural development, similarities dwarf differences between sedentary and pastoral regions. However, since herders live a transhumant life and ethnic structures and relations exert a great deal of influence on their daily lives, it is inevitable that some changes need to be made to the system of management in the pastoral areas.
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National Policies. Authors and Publishers Author s , editor s , contributor s :. Geographical focus Ethiopia. Eastern Africa.
Agricultural policies, agricultural production and rural households’ welfare in Ethiopia
Home ethiopian development policy and strategy pdf. Posted on January 24, Frameworks, strategies, and plans for agricultural development 3. Ethiopian Government Sustainable Development in Ethiopia, 25 4. National Population Policy of April
Some eighty-five percent of Ethiopia's population lives in rural areas and is engaged in agricultural production. Although capital is especially scarce in rural.
Rural Development Policy and Strategies.
The present Rural Development Policy and Strategies underscores one basic objective with regard to economic development, i. Given the dominance of agriculture in the Ethiopian economy, i. It is the development of the agricultural sector that will provide the basis for rural development. A fundamental aspect of the proper use of land is to guarantee the availability of land to people who seek to make a living out of farming.
Ethiopia: National policy and strategy on disaster risk management. The National Employment Policy and Strategy N EPS of Ethiopia is prepared in response to the need for such a framework to guide interventions aimed at improving employment and its poverty outcomes in the country. Further, the policy outcomes and gaps are discussed and explained. Introduction:Youth in Development. In defiant to the neo-liberal advice the strategy In spite of its ancient civilizations and being the only other country in the continent that was not colonized as well as one of the oldest Consequently it is essential to immediately adapt development strategies, policy implementation methodologies and pertinent action plans to translate the policy into practice.
Metrics details. Agriculture is the mainstay of Ethiopian economy involving major source of employment and gross national product. By African, standard rural development programme has long history in Ethiopia. It has also enjoyed a considerable attention by the government.
Conceptual Issues 2. What is policy? What is rural development policy? Policy making process 2.