Common Types Of Medication And Their Side Effects Pdf


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27.04.2021 at 05:17
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common types of medication and their side effects pdf

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A medication error is a failure in the treatment process that leads to, or has the potential to lead to, harm to the patient.

Taking blood thinners and prescription painkillers such as opioids can have potentially life-threatening complications. But many medications — even over-the-counter drugs — have the potential for dangerous side effects. Angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE inhibitors — such as captopril Capoten , lisinopril Prinivil , and ramipril Altace — are prescribed to lower high blood pressure.

Drug Classes

Get the latest information from CDC coronavirus. Information on commonly used drugs with the potential for misuse or addiction can be found here. For drug use trends, see our Trends and Statistics page. People drink to socialize, celebrate, and relax. Why does alcohol cause people to act and feel differently? How much is too much? Why do some people become addicted while others do not? The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism is researching the answers to these and many other questions about alcohol.

While drinking alcohol is itself not necessarily a problem— drinking too much can cause a range of consequences, and increase your risk for a variety of problems. A tea made in the Amazon from a plant Psychotria viridis containing the hallucinogen DMT, along with another vine Banisteriopsis caapi that contains an MAO inhibitor preventing the natural breakdown of DMT in the digestive system, which enhances serotonergic activity.

It was used historically in Amazonian religious and healing rituals. Medications that slow brain activity, which makes them useful for treating anxiety and sleep problems. A powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. For more information, see the Cocaine Research Report.

Dimethyltriptamine DMT is a synthetic drug that produces intense but relatively short-lived hallucinogenic experiences; it is also found naturally in some South American plants see Ayahuasca. Gamma-hydroxybutyrate GHB is a depressant approved for use in the treatment of narcolepsy, a disorder that causes daytime "sleep attacks".

An opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance extracted from the seed pod of various opium poppy plants. For more information, see the Heroin Research Report. Solvents, aerosols, and gases found in household products such as spray paints, markers, glues, and cleaning fluids; also prescription nitrites.

For more information, see the Inhalants Research Report. A dissociative drug used as an anesthetic in veterinary practice. Dissociative drugs are hallucinogens that cause the user to feel detached from reality.

Pronounced "cot," a shrub Catha edulis found in East Africa and southern Arabia; contains the psychoactive chemicals cathinone and cathine. People from African and Arabian regions up to an estimated 20 million worldwide have used khat for centuries as part of cultural tradition and for its stimulant-like effects.

A tropical deciduous tree Mitragyna speciosa native to Southeast Asia, with leaves that contain many compounds, including mitragynine, a psychotropic mind-altering opioid.

Kratom is consumed for mood-lifting effects and pain relief and as an aphrodisiac. For more information, see the Kratom DrugFacts. A hallucinogen manufactured from lysergic acid, which is found in ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and other grains.

LSD is an abbreviation of the scientific name l ysergic acid diethylamide. Marijuana is made from the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. The main psychoactive mind-altering chemical in marijuana is deltatetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.

For more information, see the Marijuana Research Report. A synthetic, psychoactive drug that has similarities to both the stimulant amphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline.

MDMA is an abbreviation of the scientific name 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine. For more information, see the Hallucinogens DrugFacts. An extremely addictive stimulant amphetamine drug.

For more information, see the Methamphetamine Research Report. Psychoactive when taken in higher-than-recommended amounts. An anti-diarrheal that can cause euphoria when taken in higher-than-recommended doses. A dissociative drug developed as an intravenous anesthetic that has been discontinued due to serious adverse effects. PCP is an abbreviation of the scientific name, phencyclidine.

Pain relievers with an origin similar to that of heroin. Opioids can cause euphoria and are often used nonmedically, leading to overdose deaths.

Pregnancy: Miscarriage, low birth weight, neonatal abstinence syndrome. Older adults: higher risk of accidental misuse because many older adults have multiple prescriptions, increasing the risk of drug-drug interactions, and breakdown of drugs slows with age; also, many older adults are treated with prescription medications for pain. Medications that increase alertness, attention, energy, blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing rate.

A hallucinogen in certain types of mushrooms that grow in parts of South America, Mexico, and the United States. It has been used to commit sexual assaults due to its ability to sedate and incapacitate unsuspecting victims. Man-made substances used to treat conditions caused by low levels of steroid hormones in the body and misused to enhance athletic and sexual performance and physical appearance.

A wide variety of herbal mixtures containing man-made cannabinoid chemicals related to THC in marijuana but often much stronger and more dangerous.

An emerging family of drugs containing one or more synthetic chemicals related to cathinone, a stimulant found naturally in the khat plant. Examples of such chemicals include mephedrone, methylone, and 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone MDPV.

For more information, see the Synthetic Cathinones DrugFacts. Tobacco is a plant grown for its leaves, which are dried and fermented before use. Tobacco contains nicotine, an addictive chemical. Nicotine is sometimes extracted from the plant and is used in vaping devices. COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. National Institutes of Health. Drug Topics. More Drug Topics. Quick Links. About NIDA. Commonly Used Drugs Charts.

Expand All. August 20, Strong hallucinations including altered visual and auditory perceptions; increased heart rate and blood pressure; nausea; burning sensation in the stomach; tingling sensations and increased skin sensitivity. It is not known whether ayahuasca is addictive. There are no FDA-approved medications to treat addiction to ayahuasca or other hallucinogens. More research is needed to find out if ayahuasca is addictive and, if so, whether behavioral therapies are effective.

Drowsiness, slurred speech, poor concentration, confusion, dizziness, problems with movement and memory, lowered blood pressure, slowed breathing. Sleep medications are sometimes used as date rape drugs.

Risk of HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases from shared needles. Must be discussed with a health care provider; barbiturate withdrawal can cause a serious abstinence syndrome that may even include seizures. There are no FDA-approved medications to treat addiction to prescription sedatives; lowering the dose over time must be done with the help of a health care provider. More research is needed to find out if behavioral therapies can be used to treat addiction to prescription sedatives.

Cocaine hydrochloride topical solution low dose anesthetic used in certain medical procedures. Narrowed blood vessels; enlarged pupils; increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure; headache; abdominal pain and nausea; euphoria; increased energy, alertness; insomnia, restlessness; anxiety; erratic and violent behavior, panic attacks, paranoia, psychosis; heart rhythm problems, heart attack; stroke, seizure, coma.

Loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, nasal damage and trouble swallowing from snorting; infection and death of bowel tissue from decreased blood flow; poor nutrition and weight loss; lung damage from smoking. Pregnancy: premature delivery, low birth weight , deficits in self-regulation and attention in school-aged children prenatally exposed.

Depression, tiredness, increased appetite, insomnia, vivid unpleasant dreams, slowed thinking and movement, restlessness. Intense visual hallucinations, depersonalization, auditory distortions, and an altered perception of time and body image, usually peaking in about 30 minutes when drank as tea. Physical effects include hypertension, increased heart rate, agitation, seizures, dilated pupils.

It is not known whether DMT is addictive. More research is needed to find out if DMT is addictive and, if so, whether behavioral therapies are effective. Euphoria, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, memory loss, unconsciousness, slowed heart rate and breathing, lower body temperature, seizures, coma, death.

Insomnia, anxiety, tremors, sweating, increased heart rate and blood pressure, psychotic thoughts. Collapsed veins; abscesses swollen tissue with pus ; infection of the lining and valves in the heart; constipation and stomach cramps; liver or kidney disease; pneumonia. Pregnancy: miscarriage, low birth weight, neonatal abstinence syndrome.

Restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps "cold turkey". Methadone Buprenorphine Naltrexone short- and long-acting forms.

Various household products Amyl nitrite a prescription solution is used to relieve pain of angina attacks chest pain. Paint thinners or removers, degreasers, dry-cleaning fluids, gasoline, lighter fluids, correction fluids, permanent markers, electronics cleaners and freeze sprays, glue, spray paint, hair or deodorant sprays, fabric protector sprays, aerosol computer cleaning products, vegetable oil sprays, butane lighters, propane tanks, whipped cream aerosol containers, refrigerant gases, ether, chloroform, halothane, nitrous oxide, prescription nitrites.

Nitrites: enlarged blood vessels, enhanced sexual pleasure, increased heart rate, brief sensation of heat and excitement, dizziness, headache. Liver and kidney damage; bone marrow damage; limb spasms due to nerve damage; brain damage from lack of oxygen that can cause problems with thinking, movement, vision, and hearing.

Nitrites: increased risk of pneumonia. Pregnancy: low birth weight, bone problems, delayed behavioral development due to brain problems, altered metabolism and body composition. More research is needed to find out if behavioral therapies can be used to treat inhalant addiction.

When misused: Injected, snorted, smoked powder added to tobacco or marijuana cigarettes , swallowed Prescription formulas are injections or nasal sprays. Problems with attention, learning, and memory; dreamlike states, hallucinations; sedation; confusion; loss of memory; raised blood pressure; unconsciousness; dangerously slowed breathing.

5 common medications that can have serious side effects

There are a variety of classes of high blood pressure medications and they include a number of different drugs. Summaries of some of the major types of commonly prescribed cardiovascular medications are provided here. Diuretics help the body get rid of excess sodium salt and water and help control blood pressure. They are often used in combination with additional prescription therapies. Beta-blockers reduce the heart rate, the heart's workload and the heart's output of blood, which lowers blood pressure. Angiotensin is a chemical that causes the arteries to become narrow, especially in the kidneys but also throughout the body.

Get the latest information from CDC coronavirus. Information on commonly used drugs with the potential for misuse or addiction can be found here. For drug use trends, see our Trends and Statistics page. People drink to socialize, celebrate, and relax. Why does alcohol cause people to act and feel differently? How much is too much? Why do some people become addicted while others do not?

Most medicines come in a variety of types or formats. Be aware, though, that some medicines particularly rare or unusual ones only come in one type. Also, some may be more effective in one type than another. Many common liquids are now available without any added colouring or sugar. The active ingredient is combined with another substance and pressed into a round or oval solid shape.


such as statins, their adverse effects and methods to improve their bioavailability. The fifth chapter is devoted to the description of the pathogenesis and types of.


Types of Blood Pressure Medications

We live in a world where incredible drugs exist to treat many conditions that seemed untouchable in the past. In a report that looked at U. However, the impressive availability of medications also increases the possibility of drug interactions. This can cause the medication to be less or more potent than intended or result in unexpected side effects.

A medication also referred to as medicine , pharmaceutical drug , medicinal drug or simply drug is a drug used to diagnose , cure , treat , or prevent disease. Drugs are classified in multiple ways.

Стратмор понял, что она смертельно напугана. Он спокойно подошел к двери, выглянул на площадку лестницы и всмотрелся в темноту. Хейла нигде не было. Тогда он вернулся в кабинет и прикрыл за собой дверь, затем заблокировал ее стулом, подошел к столу и достал что-то из выдвижного ящика. В тусклом свете мониторов Сьюзан увидела, что это, и побледнела.

 Травматическая пуля, - задумчиво повторил Беккер.  - Вот откуда шрам. - Весьма сомнительно, чтобы Танкадо связал свои ощущения с выстрелом. - И все же он отдал кольцо, - сказал Фонтейн. - Вы правы, сэр.

Drug Interactions: A Guide for Consumers

Когда он поднес раскаленный конец паяльника к последнему контакту, раздался резкий звонок мобильного телефона. Джабба вздрогнул, и на руку ему упала шипящая капля жидкого олова.

3 Comments

Kristian L.
28.04.2021 at 02:10 - Reply

Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs.

Deborah P.
30.04.2021 at 13:32 - Reply

A drug class is a term used to describe medications that are grouped together because of their similarity.

GГ©rard B.
06.05.2021 at 14:29 - Reply

Most psychotropic medications are tablets or capsules you swallow every day.

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