List Of Governor General And Viceroy Of India Pdf In Hindi


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30.04.2021 at 01:18
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list of governor general and viceroy of india pdf in hindi

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Remember these persons as General Knowledge in Indian History for upcoming competitive examinations and govt. Small details about their works are given below. You probably try to know their involvement in the field of Indian administration policies, social activities, and cultural activities.

Warren Hastings

Warren Hastings , born December 6, , Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, , Daylesford , the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from to and was impeached though acquitted on his return to England.

The son of a clergyman of the Church of England , Hastings was abandoned by his father at an early age. He was brought up by an uncle, who gave him what was probably the best education then available for a boy of his inclinations, at Westminster School in London. Hastings showed great promise as a schoolboy and seems at Westminster to have acquired the literary and scholarly tastes that were later to give him a serious interest in Indian culture and civilization.

He was then taken away from school and granted a writership as the junior appointments in the East India Company were called , and in , at age 17, he sailed for Bengal. In British contact with India was still the monopoly of the East India Company, which was engaged in buying and selling goods at small settlements in Indian ports.

But after the outlook for both the company and its servants was radically altered. The company became involved in hostilities in India both with the French and with Indian rulers, and under Robert Clive its army was able to depose the nawab, or Indian governor, of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey in Although the company did not at this stage intend to set itself up as the actual ruler of the province, it was now so powerful that the new nawabs became its satellites.

Thus, the servants, including Hastings, began to be drawn more and more into Indian politics. His career was cut short, however, by bitter disputes within the Council. Short of money, Hastings sought service in India again. In he was appointed second in Council in Madras. Since he had last been in Bengal, the disintegration and demoralization of the normal Indian government of the province, begun after Plassey, had gathered speed; yet the company had been reluctant to create a new system in its place.

In practical terms Bengal was in the power of the British, who were also virtually its legal rulers after being granted in the powers called the dewanee by the Mughal emperor. But the business of government was still conducted by Indian officials, with very limited European participation.

His view of the role of the British in India was later to be regarded as a very conservative one. Bengal was to be governed in strictly traditional ways, and the life of its people was not to be disturbed by innovation. To ensure good government, however, he felt that the British must actively intervene. He acquired the new title of governor-general and new responsibilities for supervising other British settlements in India, but these powers had now to be shared with a Supreme Council of four others, three of whom were new to India.

The new councillors, who were led by an army officer, Sir John Clavering, and included the immensely able and ambitious Philip Francis , immediately quarreled with Hastings. Bribery, extortion, and other abuses of power by Englishmen, which had been so common since Plassey, undoubtedly continued. The quarrel between the new councillors and Hastings paralyzed the government of Bengal and produced a number of squalid episodes in which the newcomers, to discredit Hastings at home, encouraged Indians to bring accusations of malpractices against him, while his friends used various methods to deter such accusations.

The most notorious of these episodes concerned one Maharaja Nandakumar , who made accusations against the governor-general but was in his turn accused of forgery and hanged for it. Hastings was certainly not guilty of procuring a judicial murder, but recent research does suggest that he knew in advance of the counterplot against Nandakumar.

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Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Author of The Impeachment of Warren Hastings and others. See Article History. Early life The son of a clergyman of the Church of England , Hastings was abandoned by his father at an early age.

Governorship of Bengal Short of money, Hastings sought service in India again. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Load Next Page.

List of Governor General and Viceroy of India (Complete List)

In CTET Exam, the Social Studies section comprises a total 60 questions of 60 marks, in which 40 questions come from the content section i. Here we are providing important facts related to the Governor Generals and Viceroys of India. Sir Charles Metcalfe — Lord Dalhousie — Lord Canning — Lord Elgin I — Sir John Lawrence —

The Court of Directors assigned a Council of Four based in India to assist the Governor General, and decision of council was binding on the Governor General during — Lord William Bentinck was first to be designated as the Governor general of India in After the Indian Rebellion of , the company rule was brought to an end, but the British India along with princely states came under the direct rule of the British Crown. The Government of India Act created the office of Secretary of State for India in to oversee the affairs of India, which was advised by a new Council of India with 15 members based in London. Following the adoption of the Government of India Act of , the Governor-General as representing the Crown became known as the Viceroy.

List of British Viceroys during British India

Robert Clive : Governor of Bengal during and again during and established Dual Government in Bengal from True founder of British Political dominion in India. Vanisttart —65 : The Battle of Buxar Cartier —72 : Bengal Famine Revenue Reforms : Auctioned the right to collect land revenue to the highest bidder; Divided Bengal into districts and appointed collectors and other revenue officials.

Please click here to register. With almost absolute power the Governor-General and viceroy played a significant role in the shaping history of the country. Following are some of these important figures and significant events and major reforms carried out by them. Lord Chelmsford. Appointment of S.

Click Here. Acquisition of territories in Malay Penisula; Capture of Bharatpur Lord W.

General Knowledge for IAS Exams (Governor-General and Viceroys)

These men has made some certain laws and taken decisions and acts which favoured and hampered the growth of the country. We have provided below the list of Governor-General and Viceroys of India and pdf can also download.

भारत के गवर्नर जनरल एवं वायसराय | List Of Governor General And Viceroy Of India PDF in Hindi

Warren Hastings , born December 6, , Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, , Daylesford , the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from to and was impeached though acquitted on his return to England. The son of a clergyman of the Church of England , Hastings was abandoned by his father at an early age. He was brought up by an uncle, who gave him what was probably the best education then available for a boy of his inclinations, at Westminster School in London. Hastings showed great promise as a schoolboy and seems at Westminster to have acquired the literary and scholarly tastes that were later to give him a serious interest in Indian culture and civilization. He was then taken away from school and granted a writership as the junior appointments in the East India Company were called , and in , at age 17, he sailed for Bengal. In British contact with India was still the monopoly of the East India Company, which was engaged in buying and selling goods at small settlements in Indian ports.

English were defeated by Haider Ali. He stopped annual pension to Mughal Emperor and reduced the pension of the Nawab of Bengal. Nand Kumar was critic of Warren Hastings, indicted in false case and sentenced to death.

Download this as PDF. The Governors-General were originally the head of the British administration in India during Colonial rule. The Regulating Act, however, granted them additional powers relating to foreign affairs and defence. While the Governor-General thus became the controller of foreign policy in India, he was not the explicit head of British India. Upon independence in August , the title of Viceroys of India was abolished.

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4 Comments

Crystal M.
30.04.2021 at 02:22 - Reply

One of our mentor will revert to you within 48 hours.

Serena S.
01.05.2021 at 14:37 - Reply

this control through Governor-General & Viceroys. Governor-General of Bengal (​): When East India Company came to. India, it controlled Bengal through a post Indian Councils Act of Lord John Lawrence ().

Ethel B.
04.05.2021 at 01:32 - Reply

Lord Canning.

Paul W.
04.05.2021 at 01:55 - Reply

Like Governor-General of India, there are more such topics from the Indian history that is covered in the UPSC exam and also hold relevance in major competitive.

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