Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching Mechanisms And Clinical Implications Pdf

By Kevin R.
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04.05.2021 at 12:44
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proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching mechanisms and clinical implications pdf

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PNF stretching was originally developed as a form of rehabilitation, and to that effect it is very effective. It is also excellent for targeting specific muscle groups, and as well as increasing flexibility, it also improves muscular strength. Side note : There are many different variations of the PNF stretching principle.


The topic of stretching is the source of much debate amongst coaches and athletes. Stretching — a look back. Stretching has been a part of exercise as long as anyone can remember. It has been through various changes over the years, often fuelled by the latest trend in coaching. Thankfully in the modern era our thinking is governed by the sports science labs, not the whims of a coach. What we can say with certainty is that the range of movement of a joint does have an impact on sporting performance. Types of Stretching.

Flexibility is key for athletes and nonathletes alike. It allows you to move freely and comfortably in your daily life, and can also help prevent injury during exercise. One of the best ways to increase your flexibility is by stretching. However, research suggests that not all stretching techniques are created equal. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation PNF stretching relies on reflexes to produce deeper stretches that increase flexibility.

There is popularity of doing stretching as part of warm up before athletic activity. The static stretching and PNF stretching is performed by athletes but their effectiveness on sprinting performance is in state of debate. The objective is to determine the effect of static stretching and PNF stretching on sprinting performance in college sprinters and to compare the effects of PNF stretching over static stretching on sprinting performance in college sprinters. Both the groups received 5 minutes of warm-up exercises. However when comparing between group- A 6. Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer.

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation PNF stretching techniques are commonly used in the athletic and clinical environments to enhance both active and passive range of motion ROM with a view to optimising motor performance and rehabilitation. PNF stretching is positioned in the literature as the most effective stretching technique when the aim is to increase ROM, particularly in respect to short-term changes in ROM. The inclusion of a shortening contraction of the opposing muscle appears to have the greatest impact on enhancing ROM. The greatest changes in ROM generally occur after the first repetition and in order to achieve more lasting changes in ROM, PNF stretching needs to be performed once or twice per week. Instead, and in the absence of a biomechanical explanation, the contemporary view proposes that PNF stretching influences the point at which stretch is perceived or tolerated.

PNF stretching is positioned in the literature as the most effective stretching technique when the aim is to increase ROM, particularly in respect to short-term changes in ROM. The mechanism(s) underpinning the change in stretch perception or tolerance are not known, although pain modulation has been suggested.

PNF Stretching: A How-To Guide

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation PNF is common practice for increasing range of motion, though little research has been done to evaluate theories behind it. The purpose of this study was to review possible mechanisms, proposed theories, and physiological changes that occur due to proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques. Four theoretical mechanisms were identified: autogenic inhibition, reciprocal inhibition, stress relaxation, and the gate control theory. The studies suggest that a combination of these four mechanisms enhance range of motion. When completed prior to exercise, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation decreases performance in maximal effort exercises.

When most people think of fitness they think of cardiovascular and strength exercise—but those in the know go for the full trifecta of strength, cardio, and stretching. PNF stretching is an advanced form of flexibility training that involves contraction and stretching of muscles. The technique was originally born in the clinical rehabilitative environment, but has worked its way into mainstream gyms because it is so effective.

The effect of the contract-relax-agonist-contract CRAC stretch of hamstrings on range of motion, sprint and agility performance in moderately active males: A randomised control trial.

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The Practical Guide to Improving Flexibility

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Kayleigh C.
08.05.2021 at 01:59 - Reply

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Louis D.
09.05.2021 at 03:07 - Reply

Stretching is usually included in the regular training program or part of warm-up activity before exercises.

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