History Of World Costume And Fashion Pdf

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No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage or retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the publisher. For information contact: Facts On File, Inc.

Clothing also known as clothes , apparel and attire are items worn on the body. Clothing are typically made of fabrics or textiles but over time has included garments made from animal skin or other thin sheets of materials put together.

Lavishly illustrated, it features more than images including over in full color- and is a valuable resource for fashion designers, theater costumers, textile researchers, costume collectors and curators, and anyone interest in clothing and style customs of the world. Daniel Delis Hill has worked as a retail fashion illustrator, creative director of fashion photography, and assistant professor in the Department of Fashion, Virginia Commonwealth University. Convert currency. Add to Basket.

History of World Costume and Fashion

No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage or retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the publisher. For information contact: Facts On File, Inc.

A history of fashion and costume. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1. Clothing and dressHistoryTo Introduction This volume traces the history of costume from the last Ice Age, when people first started wearing clothes, to the collapse of the Roman Empire in the late fifth century CE.

Divided into chapters according to region, it outlines the early history of costume from prehistoric times to the emergence of the first cities, and surveys the succession of civilizations that grew up in the Middle East. Individual chapters are devoted to ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, but the book also focuses on the cultures of India, eastern Asia, and the Pacific region.

The final chapter covers the rich civilizations of the Americas. The history of costume is a vast subject, and the aim of this volume is simply to highlight major trends and to provide interesting examples. Knowledge of ancient costume depends on surviving evidence such as paintings and items of jewelry , and while it is sometimes possible to build up a detailed portrait of a culture, the picture is far from complete for many civilizations.

Although the cultures described in this book are extremely varied, they all have some factors in common. Most early civilizations had a strong ruler, who dressed in a dramatic way to show off his riches and power.

Warriors needed weapons and armor to help them defend their kingdoms. People wore special costumes to worship their gods, and both men and women liked to adorn themselves with jewelry and ornaments. Once a society was reasonably settled, traders exchanged goods for precious items that were used to create fine jewelry and costumes.

Chapter 1: Early People Prehistoric People he hunters of the last Ice Age, who lived around , years ago, were probably the first people to wear clothes. However, there is no proof of when clothing first developed, since the materials used to make clothing decay easily and rapidly, and the earliest examples of clothing did not survive. Recent DNA evidence indicates that some time between 30, and , years ago, head lice, which typically infest human hair, evolved a new sub-species, body lice, which commonly infest human clothing.

Prehistoric people wore simple clothes made from animal skins, and added jewelry and ornaments made from shells, bones and feathers. These were sometimes made from fur, although this could be very bulky.

More often the fur was removed from the animal hide. However, people did wear fur boots, tied onto their feet and legs with leather laces. To make clothing, animal hides were first pegged out on the ground and scraped clean, using a sharpened animal bone or sharp-edged stone. Then they were washed and stretched out taut to stop them from shrinking as they dried. Once the hides had been thoroughly stretched, the leather was softened before being cut into suitable pieces for clothing.

Then a sharp, pointed stone was used to punch a line of holes along the edges of the leather pieces. The holes made it easier to pass a bone needle through the hide and sew the pieces together, using sinew. Early Decorations Evidence survives from around 30, years ago of hunters decorating their clothes. The mammoth hunters of the Russian plains sewed seashells and feathers onto their tunics.

They also made strings of beads from shells and animal teeth, and used ivory from mammoth tusks to make simple bracelets. Archaeologists believe that the mammoth hunters wore these decorations for religious ceremonies and dances. It is probable that people also used pigments to paint patterns on their own bodies, just as people have done for millions of years in Africa and Australia. Specialized tools for permanent tattooing dating from around 38, years ago have been discovered in Europe.

Shells were one of the first materials to be made into jewelry. These very early carved and painted ornaments reflect an ancient tradition of jewelry making. Cave Paintings Around 35, years ago, people began painting pictures on the walls of caves. Some of these early cave paintings depict semi-human creatures, and experts believe that these figures were probably priests dressed as animals. The painted, dancing figures wear deer antlers attached to their heads, and long wolves tails.

They also appear to be wearing cloaks made from feathers. Body Paints There is evidence that the early cave painters painted their bodies as well as their caves. Traces of red ocher. Wheres the Evidence? Archaeologists draw on a range of different sources to build up a picture of the sort of clothes that very early people wore. Scraps of leather clothing have been found in graves, while shells and teeth pierced with holes indicate that these objects once formed necklaces.

To help them reconstruct the practices of ancient people, archaeologists also study traditional groups, such as the aboriginals of Australia and the Inuit of Alaska, who have followed the same basic way of life for thousands of years. Even in the earliest civilizations, color and pattern were very important. This painted plaque from the twelfth century BCE shows a woman from Nubia in North Africa and a man from Syria, both dressed in colorful costumes.

Dyes from Nature Early people colored their clothes with dyes made from earth, flowers, and bark, and in some parts of the world people still use these natural dyes. A type of clay called ocher produces warm reds, oranges, and yellows. The indigo plant makes a deep blue, while the madder root gives a rich scarlet. Some lichens produce a green color, while the bark and husks of walnut dye cloth a deep brown. Ancient Sumerians One of the earliest civilizations in the Middle East was the kingdom of Sumer, which lay between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in present-day Iraq.

The civilization began around BCE with a collection of villages, and by BCE it contained several large city-states, each ruled by a warlike king with his own army. The ancient Sumerians learned how to make objects from copper, silver, and gold by heating metal ore and pouring it into molds.

Their metalworkers became very skilled, producing engraved necklaces, daggers, and helmets. The Sumerians made another important discovery: by combining copper and tin, they created bronze, a very strong alloy that could be used to make axes, spears, and more robust helmets. The ancient Sumerians wore colorful robes with scalloped hems. Rulers had tall headdresses, while dancers and musicians wore sleeveless robes with multi-tiered skirts.

Soldiers wore knee-length tunics with scalloped hems and long cloaks fastened at the neck. They fought with long spears and wore pointed helmets. The production of cloth for export was very important to the economy and culture of ancient Sumeria. They even had a goddess of weaving and clothing, named Uttu.

Sumerian men paid a lot of attention to their hair. A golden helmet found in a royal tomb in the ancient city of Ur is engraved with hair and ears, revealing that warriors wore their hair in an elaborate style: hanging down in curls around the ears, braided at the front, and fastened in a knot at the back of the head. A similar braided hairstyle is shown in a bronze head of King Sargon reigned c.

In addition to his elaborate hairstyle, the king also sported a splendid curled beard, carefully trimmed to fall in two tiers. A bronze head of King Sargon of Akkad, showing the elaborate hairstyle and carefully trimmed beard favored by the nobles of Sumer. Gradually, from around BCE, the villages of the Nile joined together to form a great kingdom, ruled by powerful pharaohs. The Egyptian civilization flourished for three thousand years. Historians divide it into three main periods, or kingdoms: the Old, the Middle, and the New Kingdom.

An Egyptian pharaoh from the New Kingdom being anointed with oil by his queen. Both figures wear pleated robes of fine royal linen, and have ornate collars and elaborate crowns.

Using Linen In the hot and sunny climate of North Africa, which in ancient times was also very humid, the ancient Egyptians did not need to wear heavy clothes. Clothing was made from linen, which was cool and easy to wear.

Linen thread was made from the beaten stalks of the flax plant and woven on looms into cloth. Ordinary people wore simple clothes made from coarse, unbleached linen, while nobles clothes were made from a fine, white, semi-transparent cloth known as royal linen. Clothing Styles For thousands of years the basic style of Egyptian clothes remained unchanged. Women wore a simple, tight-fitting, ankle-length dress with two shoulder straps, while men wore a kilt, made from a piece of linen wrapped around the waist and tucked in.

Kilts could be either knee- or ankle-length. In winter, men and women wore cloaks made from thick linen. Tunics and kilts were usually kept plain. Although their clothes could be decorated with beads and feathers, the Egyptian people relied on their jewelry, makeup, and hairstyles to create a dramatic effect.

During the time of the New Kingdom, a more elaborate style of dress developed in Egypt. Tunics and cloaks made of very fine, pleated cloth became fashionable for men and women.

Over their basic tunic women began to wear a pleated garment that sometimes had a brightly colored fringe and small ornaments hanging from it. Some men wore a long, almost transparent kilt over their short tunic. This fine collar belonged to an Egyptian princess. It is decorated with golden hawks heads and inlaid with colored glass and semiprecious stones.

Colorful Collars One of the most impressive items of Egyptian jewelry was the broad, decorative collar. These collars were worn by both women and men of all classes.

The collars consisted of a series of strings threaded with beads and ornaments, but also with flowers, berries, and leaves. Some of the collars found in the pharaoh Tutankhamuns tomb included olive leaves and cornflowers. Footwear People in ancient Egypt went barefoot most of the time, but sometimes they wore sandals. Rich peoples sandals were made from decorated leather, and one pair of golden sandals has been discovered in a pharaohs tomb.

Poor peoples sandals were made from papyrus a type of reed or from woven grass. Jewelry No Ancient Egyptian costume was complete without a selection of jewelry. Even poorer people wore necklaces, bracelets, and earrings.

[PDF Download] History of World Costume and Fashion (Fashion Series) [Read] Online

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Search this site. Contact Us. Over 50 Feeling 30! William H. Laver presents in this classic study the underlying motives of fashion as well as a survey of the history of costume. He describes the means which have been adopted to satisfy the three functions of clothes: protection, expression of the personality by sartor

Most surveys of historical dress have been written solely from a Eurocentric perspective with only passing references to the dress traditions of the rest of the world. In addition to descriptive details of dress, this study includes significant analysis of the social function of dress such as gender or age differentiation, community membership, ceremonial purpose, social status, and period aesthetics. Worldcat: Click here. FIT Library: Click here. Webpage for the book: Click here. This book is very helpful. Recently, I was studying the history of fashion in China.

[PDF Download] History of World Costume and Fashion (Fashion Series) [Read] Online

From the Indian sari to the Vietnamese conical hat, the world is full of different varieties of traditional dress. Some colourful, some immersed in history and specific to the country's culture and others due to circumstance or status - they are almost always eye-catching. Learning about them gains you an insight into the country they're part of, so we've rounded up a few items to give you a lowdown on traditional dress around the world.

Costume is the distinctive style of dress or cosmetic of an individual or group that reflects class, gender, profession, ethnicity, nationality, activity or epoch. In short costume is a cultural visual of the people. The term also was traditionally used to describe typical appropriate clothing for certain activities, such as riding costume , swimming costume , dance costume , and evening costume. Appropriate and acceptable costume is subject to changes in fashion and local cultural norms.

A History of Fashion & Costume - Vol.1 - The Ancient World

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In pictures: traditional dress around the world

Всякий раз, ступая на очередную ступеньку, она носком туфли первым делом старалась нащупать ее край. К ней снова вернулись страхи, связанные с новой попыткой найти ключ Хейла в Третьем узле. Коммандер был абсолютно убежден в том, что у Хейла не хватит духу на них напасть, но Сьюзан не была так уж уверена в. Хейл теряет самообладание, и у него всего два выхода: выбраться из шифровалки или сесть за решетку. Внутренний голос подсказывал ей, что лучше всего было бы дождаться звонка Дэвида и использовать его ключ, но она понимала, что он может его и не найти.

Росио нигде не. Дверь, ведущая в ванную, закрыта. - Prostituiert? - Немец бросил боязливый взгляд на дверь в ванную.

1. Costume—History. 2. Fashion—History. 3. Body marking—History. 4. Dress accessories—History. I. Title: Clothing, headwear, body decorations, and footwear.

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Чатрукьян немедленно вывел на дисплей список файлов, загружавшихся в машину в последние сорок восемь часов, и начал его просматривать. Неужели попал зараженный файл? - подумал.  - Неужели фильтры безопасности что-то пропустили. В целях безопасности каждый файл, загруженный в ТРАНСТЕКСТ, должен был пройти через устройство, именуемое Сквозь строй, - серию мощных межсетевых шлюзов, пакетных фильтров и антивирусных программ, которые проверяли вводимые файлы на предмет компьютерных вирусов и потенциально опасных подпрограмм. Файлы, содержащие программы, незнакомые устройству, немедленно отвергались.

Стратмор скачал файл с Цифровой крепостью и запустил его в ТРАНСТЕКСТ, но программа Сквозь строй отказалась его допустить, потому что файл содержал опасную линейную мутацию. В обычных обстоятельствах это насторожило бы Стратмора, но ведь он прочитал электронную почту Танкадо, а там говорилось, что весь трюк и заключался в линейной мутации.

Невзламываемый шифр. Но это полный абсурд. Неужели Хейл никогда не слышал о принципе Бергофского. - Вот что нам надо сделать.  - Стратмор начал спокойно излагать свой план.

В ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ практически ничего не складировалось, взломанные шифры немедленно отсылались в главный банк данных АНБ, чтобы… Сьюзан стало плохо. Моментально прозрев и прижав руку ко рту, она вскрикнула: - Главный банк данных. Стратмор, глядя в темноту, произнес бесцветным голосом, видимо, уже все поняв: - Да, Сьюзан. Главный банк данных… Сьюзан отстраненно кивнула. Танкадо использовал ТРАНСТЕКСТ, чтобы запустить вирус в главный банк данных.

Тот, конечно, был мастером своего дела, но наемник остается наемником. Можно ли ему доверять. А не заберет ли он ключ .

ISBN 13: 9780130992239

 Бедняга. Сердечный приступ. Беккер безучастно кивнул: - Так мне сказали. Лейтенант вздохнул и сочувственно помотал головой.

Я просто хотела от него избавиться. - Когда вы отдали ей кольцо. Росио пожала плечами. - Сегодня днем. Примерно через час после того, как его получила.

Панк попытался высвободиться и повернуться. - Эдуардо. Это ты, приятель? - Он почувствовал, как рука незнакомца проскользнула к его бумажнику, чуть ослабив хватку.

 Основное энергоснабжение вырубилось, - сказал Стратмор, возникший за спиной Сьюзан.  - Включилось питание от автономных генераторов. Это аварийное электропитание в шифровалке было устроено таким образом, чтобы системы охлаждения ТРАНСТЕКСТА имели приоритет перед всеми другими системами, в том числе освещением и электронными дверными замками.


Oliver F.
21.05.2021 at 14:10 - Reply

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