Gottlob Frege On Sense And Reference Pdf


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One example of this is the naming relation, for example hearing the words "George W. Bush" and relating them to the actual entity in our world, the President in this case.

It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Editors: Biro , John, Kotatko , P. It, along with the rest of Frege's writings on logic and mathematics, came to mark out a whole new domain of inquiry.

Gottlob Frege (1848—1925)

Gottlob Frege was a German logician, mathematician and philosopher who played a crucial role in the emergence of modern logic and analytic philosophy. He invented modern quantificational logic, and created the first fully axiomatic system for logic, which was complete in its treatment of propositional and first-order logic, and also represented the first treatment of higher-order logic. In the philosophy of mathematics, he was one of the most ardent proponents of logicism, the thesis that mathematical truths are logical truths, and presented influential criticisms of rival views such as psychologism and formalism. His theory of meaning, especially his distinction between the sense and reference of linguistic expressions, was groundbreaking in semantics and the philosophy of language. He had a profound and direct influence on such thinkers as Russell, Carnap and Wittgenstein. Frege is often called the founder of modern logic, and he is sometimes even heralded as the founder of analytic philosophy.

The reference or "referent"; Bedeutung of a proper name is the object it means or indicates bedeuten , whereas its sense Sinn is what the name expresses. The reference of a sentence is its truth value , whereas its sense is the thought that it expresses. Much of analytic philosophy is traceable to Frege's philosophy of language. Frege developed his original theory of meaning in early works like Begriffsschrift concept script of and Grundlagen foundations of arithmetic of On this theory, the meaning of a complete sentence consists in its being true or false, [5] and the meaning of each significant expression in the sentence is an extralinguistic entity which Frege called its Bedeutung , literally meaning or significance, but rendered by Frege's translators as reference, referent, ' M eaning', nominatum, etc. Frege supposed that some parts of speech are complete by themselves, and are analogous to the arguments of a mathematical function , but that other parts are incomplete, and contain an empty place, by analogy with the function itself. Only when the empty place is filled by a proper name does the reference of the completed sentence — its truth value — appear.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Equality [1] gives rise to challenging questions which are not altogether easy to answer. Is it a relation?

Frege on Identity as a Relation of Names

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. See inter alia Baker and Hacker , pp. Also p. It can also happen, however, that one wishes to talk about the words themselves or their senses. This happens, for instance, when the words of another are quoted. We then have signs of signs. Russell

In this video Professor Thorsby offers an introduction to contemporary philosophy, beginning with the work of Gottlob Frege. Mendelsohn conjectures that the reason Frege's philosophy of language has subsequently received so much more attention lies with Frege's adoption of compositionality principles, according to which the sense and reference of complex expressions depend, in a rule-governed way, on the sense and reference of their parts. A relation between objects, or between names or signs of objects? Little is known about his youth. Frege's notion of Bedeutungis one of the most controversial notions in his philosophy.


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Frege: ON SENSE AND REFERENCE

Gottlob Frege — German philosopher and mathematician, founder of modern logic. Bertrand Russell — philosopher, journalist, and political campaigner. Two expressions might have the same reference, but present it in different ways, and this mode of presentation is the sense of the expression. This, according to Frege, is because the terms are associated with different modes of presentation of the one person.

There is a major issue about how one of Frege's key terms is to be translated. The German word is " Bedeutung ", and it is the term being translated as "reference" in the title of the paper. It is translated "nominatum" in the older translation available through the JStor link, and it has also been translated "denotation". In ordinary German, however, it just means "meaning", and so it is also sometimes translated that way for example, in Frege's Collected Papers and Posthumous Writings.

Сьюзан пришла в еще большее смятение: самые блестящие умы в криптографии работают в ее отделе, и уж она-то наверняка хоть что-нибудь услышала бы об этом алгоритме. - Кто? - требовательно сказала. - Уверен, ты догадаешься сама, - сказал Стратмор.

В глазах Сьюзан Дэвид был самим совершенством - насколько вообще такое .

Frege: Sense and Reference One Hundred Years Later

 Я… понимаю, - тихо сказала она, все еще находясь под впечатлением его блистательного замысла.  - Вы довольно искусный лжец. Стратмор засмеялся.

Это новейшее оружие, направленное против разведслужб. Если эта программа попадет на рынок, любой третьеклассник, имеющий модем, получит возможность отправлять зашифрованные сообщения, которые АНБ не сможет прочесть. Это означает конец нашей разведки. Но мысли Сьюзан были далеко от политических последствий создания Цифровой крепости.

Вероятно, он отключился в результате какой-то внешней аномалии, которая не должна повториться. Код ошибки 22. Она попыталась вспомнить, что это. Сбои техники в Третьем узле были такой редкостью, что номера ошибок в ее памяти не задерживалось. Сьюзан пролистала справочник и нашла нужный список. 19: ОШИБКА В СИСТЕМНОМ РАЗДЕЛЕ 20: СКАЧОК НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ 21: СБОЙ СИСТЕМЫ ХРАНЕНИЯ ДАННЫХ Наконец она дошла до пункта 22 и, замерев, долго всматривалась в написанное.

Bibliographic Information

 Пожалуйста, - взмолилась. Но дверца не открылась. - Сьюзан, - тихо сказал Стратмор.  - Нужен код. - Код? - сердито переспросила. Она посмотрела на панель управления.

Sinn/Bedeutung

 Итак, кольцо взял немец. - Верно.

5 Comments

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22.04.2021 at 20:24 - Reply

Gottlob Frege's contributions to philosophy of language are so numerous and so fundamental that it is difficult to imagine the field without them.

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On sense and reference. GOTTLOB FREGE. [As reprinted in A.W. Moore (ed.) Meaning and Reference. Oxford: Oxford University Press.].

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