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- Melville J. Herskovits
- Man and His Works the Science of Cultural Anthropology by Herskovits Melville J
- Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge
Melville Jean Herskovits September 10, — February 25, was an American anthropologist who helped establish African and African-American studies in American academia. He is known for exploring the cultural continuity from African cultures as expressed in African-American communities. They jointly wrote several books and monographs.
Melville J. Herskovits
In he founded the first major interdisciplinary American program in African studies at Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. Herskovits's controversial classic The Myth of the Negro Past is about African cultural influences on American blacks. He also helped forge the concept of cultural relativism, particularly in his book Man and His Works. Melville Herskovits's position formed one half of the debate with Franklin Frazier on the nature of cultural contact in the Western Hemisphere, specifically with reference to Africans, Europeans, and their descendents. The Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies at Northwestern University, established in , is the largest separate collection of Africana in the world. Melville J.
Contemporary anthropology has developed a consistent interest in the study of modes of circulation of people, objects and ideas associated with current cultural globalization. This interest is usually presented as a new development in anthropological theory and its possible predecessors, such as diffusionism and acculturation theory, dismissed as irrelevant. Focusing on the works of Melville Herskovits and Roger Bastide, this article argues for a less biased imaged of acculturation theory and stresses the ways in which some of its achievements can inspire current approaches to cultural globalization. This interest is expressed in the recent development of the anthropology of globalization as an important sub-disciplinary field. But it is also reflected in a renewed interest in processes of creolization, hybridization and syncretism, which are an important part of globalization. In both cases, albeit in different terms, the study of flows of people and cultural forms has become a highly visible feature of contemporary anthropology.
Man and His Works: The Science of Cultural Anthropology. By Melville J. Herskovits. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, pp. $ · Cite · Article PDF first page.
Man and His Works the Science of Cultural Anthropology by Herskovits Melville J
Scott Cook, Michael W. History of Political Economy 1 December ; 48 4 : — Bronislaw Malinowski and Melville Herskovits were founding contributors to the anthropological study of economic life—Malinowski as a pioneering ethnographer in Melanesia and a late-career ethnographer in Oaxaca, Mexico, and Herskovits as the leading exponent of comparative studies. The definition of their respective approaches to the study of economic life began in the s with Karl Polanyi and in the s with Raymond Firth, culminating in the formalist-substantivist debate of the s—s.
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Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge
Melville Jean Herskovits — was an American anthropologist. Two points are central in understanding his conception of anthropology: first, he was a humanist concerned with the total range of cultural behavior and, second, he believed that the inductive method is the only valid methodology for anthropology. In both he revealed the pervasive influence of Franz Boas , his teacher at Columbia University. Culture was the inclusive concept for him, comprehending the behavioral and the ideational, the group and the individual. His humanistic orientation was apparent in his interest in the individual, whom he viewed as an active participant in the shaping of culture.
Man and his Works, The Science of Cultural Anthropology. By Melville J. Herskovits. New York, Alfred A. Knopf, Pp. xviii + ; bibliogr. $5. - Volume
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