Photography Tips And Techniques PdfBy Skinubelmer In and pdf 23.04.2021 at 18:22 9 min read
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- Creative Composition Digital Photography Tips & Techniques
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- 50 Incredible Photography Techniques and Photo Tutorials
Creative Composition Digital Photography Tips & Techniques
Photographers who produce images with the wow factor do two things very well. Firstly, they know how to use their camera creatively. Second, they know how to post-process their images. How do you learn to use your camera creatively besides pointing at things and press the shutter release? All you need is your camera some requires a tripod and 10 minutes to execute one of these techniques.
Tilt-shift is a technique that utilizes a specialized lens to create selective focus or simulating a miniature scene. Freelensing works by you holding a detached lens in front of your camera and tilting it at different angles to create selective focusing.
This is the same principle as a tilt-shift lens but without the specialized mount to the camera body. In aperture priority mode, select the widest aperture available. Any other aperture will not work unless your lens has a manual aperture ring often in old lenses only. Hold your lens and tilt it to one side while maintaining contact with the camera body on the opposite side. Tilt the lens at different direction and angle to change the plane of focus.
For example, when you tilt the lens to the right, the left side of the lens mount is lifted off the camera body while the right side remains in contact. The focused plane shifts to the center of the image with a greater angle of tilt. Sounds pretty cool, right? Normally, a tutorial on star trails with time stack is a long post. Essentially, you need to be at the right place at the right time with the right camera settings. Place: You need a location with minimum or no light pollution.
This means away from the big cities and major highways. Luckily, you can find these places on the internet easily these days.
Start with the International Dark-Sky Association. Time: Moonlight and weather affect how much you can see in the sky. The presence of moonlight makes the stars appear dimmer. So, ideally, you want to have no moon in the sky a. You can plan with this moon phases calendar.
Weather is pretty self-explanatory, you want a clear sky instead of clouds obscuring the stars. Camera settings: Use a fast lens. In manual mode, set the ISO between to experiment to get the best result. Use the rule to get a rough estimation of your shutter speed. Focusing in the dark is tricky. You can manually focus on the brightest star, on an object in the foreground, or use the hyperfocal distance if there is enough foreground to do so.
The rule: This is to give you an estimation of what your maximum shutter speed should be before star streaks appear.
All you need to do is divide by your focal length. This formula is for full frame cameras, remember to add the crop factor to the focal length if you use a cropped sensor. Tips: Use a tripod must and a remote release optional. To avoid motion blur, enable mirror lockup in a DSLR. Take at least 50 images to get long, beautiful star trails. The more images you get, the longer the trails. You can get an intervalometer to trigger the shutter release for you.
Apply the same technique to clouds during daylight and be surprised by the results! Now, make all layers invisible except the first two. Next, make the third layer visible and change the blend mode to lighten. Have fun! These are just a few examples of what long exposure can achieve.
You can also use this technique to remove people when shooting at a touristy spot. The possibilities are only limited by your imagination! You need a tripod to stabilize your camera as any long exposure without it results in motion blur. How slow should the shutter speed be? It depends on how much light is available and what effect you want.
Because of the limited light available, the shutter speed will be slow anyway. You can also step up the aperture to slow down the shutter speed more. If you want an even slower shutter speed e. Place it in front of your lens in a filter holder to slow down the shutter speed considerably. Use this to smoothen water flow, create light painting or ghosting effect. Yes, we all know what automatic exposure bracketing AEB does. Why do we need to do it manually?
Sometimes, the contrast of the scene is so extreme that AEB is not capable of capturing the whole dynamic range. This is when manual bracketing saves the day! Once you have bracketed with AEB, check the histogram of the brightest and the darkest image. If the graph touches the far right in the brightest image or the far left in the darkest image, then you should re-bracket your exposures manually.
First, take a shot like you would do normally in aperture priority mode. Make a note of the aperture, ISO and shutter speed. Switch your camera to manual mode and dial in the settings keep your lens in AF. Now, step up the shutter speed by half or one stop e. Check the. Check the histogram, repeat this step until there is no highlight clipping i. Next, set the shutter speed back to the initial value and step down using the same method but in reverse until there is no shadow clipping on the histogram e.
Congratulations, you have just shot with your camera in manual mode! Use your body as the long axis, twist on your waist to the right or the left first, either way and take an image. This would be the scene on the far right of your panorama.
Repeat this step until you have captured the whole scene. To keep focus and exposure consistent in all the images, focus in AF and shoot in aperture priority mode. Take note of the aperture, shutter speed and ISO. Now switch your camera to manual mode and dial in the settings.
For the grand finale, stitch the images in software like Photoshop to create an awesome panorama! You can create awesome images with a jaw-dropping perspective, a little bit like using a fisheye lens. Instead of panning horizontally, you now pan vertically, using the horizon as the axis. Vertorama works well in indoors and places with intricate details on the floor and the ceiling, e.
To begin with, tilt your camera to point at the ground to include the foreground objects. Do this until you have included the ceiling. Keep your focus and exposure consistent with the method mentioned above in panorama. Stitch the images in post-processing e. Photography is a creative art. As photographers, we should embrace motion blur as much as we worship sharpness.
With ICM, you intentionally introduce motion blur in your image by moving your camera while the shutter is open. The results are often unpredictable yet artistic. To take an image with ICM, move your camera as you press the trigger. You can move it up and down, left and right, twist it clockwise and anti-clockwise. There is no rule to it! Try this out: find a scene with plenty of vertical objects or structures e. Except this time press the shutter release while moving your camera up and down repeatedly.
Have you ever seen Star Trek where the spacecraft was traveling at warp speed? Did you notice the light trails that made you subconsciously know it was moving at ultra-fast speed?
The secret to this is a zoom lens! First, find a moving subject. Second, be either in front or back of the moving subject. This means the subject is either moving away or towards you. There are normally two rings on a zoom lens, one is for focusing and one is for zooming.
Make sure you know which is which beforehand.
Cameras are complicated. It took a ton of trial and error to improve my photography. When I managed to work it all out, I started taking some pretty spectacular images. Product links on ExpertPhotography are referral links. If you use one of these and buy something, we make a little bit of money. Need more info?
PHOTOGRAPHY BASICS. Meet Your DSLR. Get to Know Your Camera Functions. Understand the Basics of Exposure. Meter Your Light to.
50 Incredible Photography Techniques and Photo Tutorials
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